Founded in 1975, the Grey Art Gallery holds the art collections of New York University which include approximately 5,000 objects. 

The collection of Modern Asian and Middle Eastern Art includes some of the largest institutional holdings of Iranian, Indian, and Turkish modern art outside those countries. 

The Grey is also strong in post-war American art, including works by Willem de Kooning, Helen Frankenthaler, Louise Nevelson, Alex Katz, Kenneth Noland, and Ad Reinhardt. Late 19th- and early 20th-century European art is also well represented, with works by Edouard Manet, Joan Mirò, and Pablo Picasso.