San Diego, CA
Celebrating the 2011 gift to the Museum of 48 works by the leaders of the German and Austrian avant-garde in the first part of the 20th century, including Otto Dix, George Grosz, Gustav Klimt and Egon Schiele. Presented as a temporary exhibition in 2012, The San Diego Museum of Art’s remarkable collection of German Expressionist paintings, drawings and prints is on longer term display in a specially dedicated Gallery 19 off the Upper Rotunda .
Breaking with Academic tradition, progressive artists in Germany and Austria at the beginning of the 20th century looked to Paris for new ideas. Concerned with this new state of affairs, artists of the Brücke (Bridge) group sought to establish a genuinely German avant-garde. First in Dresden, then in Berlin, they pitted a revolutionary art and rebellious lifestyle against the accepted order. They longed, also, to escape the oppressive constraints of modern life. Like their Romantic predecessors, the artists of the Brücke regarded communion with nature as a source of spiritual renewal.
While a commissioned work, such as Lovis Corinth’s Portrait of Alexander Freiherr von Reitzenstein, could remain rooted in Post-Impressionism, members of the Blaue Reiter (Blue Rider) group, such as Alexej Jawlensky and Gabriele Münter, explored their predilection for bold, expressive colors. The collector, Vance E. Kondon, reflected on his own selections: “Often, I’m asked why I started collecting. If you know the history of the early Brücke artists, you realize that they were poor, free spirits. They lived communally, and shared the same space, materials, ideas and hopes. They were openly sensual, and nudity was—at times—a way of life. They sought more freedom of emotional expression and less ritual and restraint. And they brought this approach to their art, using vibrant color, looseness of form, and themes from everyday life.”
Credit: Exhibition overview from museum website